Basic teachings of early Buddhism with reference to the Pāli canon: Dependent co-origination, three Characteristics, four noble truths, nibbāna. Social philosophy and social ethics of early Buddhism with reference to the suttas such as Sigāla, Maṅgala Vasala, Parābhava, Vyagghapajja, Vāseṭṭha, Aggañña and Brāhmaṇadhammika. Meditation and meditational practices with reference to the suttas such as Satipaṭṭhāna, Vanapattha, Dvedhāvitakka, Vitakkasaṇṭhāna, Sabbāsava and Sāmaññaphala. Disciplinary codes of ethics related to management of human resources and institutions with reference to Vinayapiṭaka and relevant suttas of Suttapiṭaka.

Aesthetic concept of early Buddhism with reference to Therogāthā, Therīgāthā, Udāna-pāli, Apadānapāli, Dhammapada, Jātakapāli, Buddhavaṃsa, Āṭānāṭiyasutta, Mahāsamayasutta and Vedallasutta etc.

Economic and political views with reference to Sigāla, Aggañña, Rājavagga of Majjhimanikāya, Cakkavattisīhanāda suttas etc.

Theravāda interpretation of the suttapiṭaka with reference to the commentarial literature such as Visuddhimagga, Sumaṅgalavilāsinī, Papañcasūdani and Manorathapūraṇī.

Theravāda interpresetations of Vinayapiṭaka with reference to Samantapāsādikā and pālimuttakavinayavinicchaya. Therovāda interpretations of Abhidhammapiṭaka with reference to Atthasālinī, Sammohavinodanī, Vikāsinīṭīkā, Vibhāvinīṭīkā and the Abhidhammic compendiums.

Theravāda literature of history, poetics, Āyurvedic medicine, prosody and grammar with reference to Mahāvaṃsa, Thūpavaṃsa, Dāṭhāvaṃsa, Bhesajjamañjusā, Vuttodaya, Subodhālaṅkāra, Kaccāyana, Moggallāyana, Rūpasiddhi, Saddanīti and Saddasāratthajālinī.

History of Buddhism and schism of the order, evolution of the Nikāyas. Early Māhāyāna sūtras and their teachings (Vaipulyasūtras) : Concepts of Buddha, Śūnyatā, Bodhisattva, Bodhisattva path etc.

Mādhyamaka or Śūnyatā tradition and its basic doctrines. Yogācāra or Vijñānavāda tradition and its basic doctrines. The Mahāyāna concepts such as Śūyatā, Vijñaptimātra, ten stages and six perfections of Bodhisattva, skillful means, adhimukti, Buddhakṣetra, Sukhāvatīvyūha, special Buddhas and Bodhisattavas such as Avalokiteśvara, Amitābha and Mañjuśrī.

Historical evolusion of the Vajrayāna tradition based on Tibetan cultural background. Ancient Vajrayāna texts such as Guhyasamājatantra and Sādhanamāla. Mantra, maṇḍala, dhāraṇī, mudrā and Sādhana. Spiritual practices and ritualistic perfermances related to Vajrayāna. Lamaism and its various beliefs and practices. Symbolism of Vajrayāna and its relationship with astrology, ancient Tibetan beliefs and Hinduism.

Go to top